Given the varying home environments children come from, it is critical to consider their diverse linguistic backgrounds while assessing their linguistic development. Our focus lies on word recognition, a fundamental component that underpins subsequent linguistic growth. We use eyetracking , and we plan to incorporate electroencephalography in our future research. The foundation of this line of research was established in Dr. Bob McMurray's lab during Ethan's postdoctoral training. Jamie Klein-Packard from MACLAB has contributed tremendously to creating a pipeline for recruiting children.